Casa Bassa (“Low House”) and Casa cielo/terra (“Townhouse”)
The “Low House” (which is “Casa Bassa” in Italian) is the typical seafaring house of the Marche coast and develops with the birth of the fishing villages between the late seventeenth and the nineteenth century. It is a small house with a base form of about 3.5 x 8.00 meters with the ground floor that was usually a studio apartment. The bathroom (if any) consists of a hole on the wall directly connected with an external absorbing pit. It was without running water and the lighting was obtained from just a single window. The building materials are abject and the floor was often made of rammed earth. It becomes a two-storey building with variations in relation to the urban fabric in which they are inserted.
The “Townhouse” (which is “Casa cielo/terra” in Italian) is a type of dwelling and strongly conditioned by poverty. There is the presence of several families at the popular level. The attic (the sluice) with window opens onto the roofs of multi-storey houses to give a source of light to rooms on the upper floor, such as interior rooms or attic-mansard which is usually accessed with a ladder. The toilets are located outside, in very small rooms built close to the perimeter wall of the ground floor or in small rooms on the balconies.